Why Doesn't SpaceX Recover the Second Stage

6 Bal 2021
591 644 Peržiūros

In this animation we look at why SpaceX doesn't recover and reuse the second stage!
SpaceX has made getting to space much more affordable through reusability of its first stage. Why don't they recover the whole rocket and make space that much more affordable?

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Time Stamps
Intro - 00:00
Falcon 9 Details - 00:44
Liftoff - 01:09
Rocket Engine Basics - 01:58
How Does the Rocket Get to Orbit - 06:48
Why a Second Stage is Used - 07:43
First stage landing on earth - 09:08
Review on Why Only the First Stage Is Recovered - 09:48

Note: The physics and numerical data throughout this animation is in no way faultless. Theories have been simplified for comprehensibility.

  • Thank you everyone for engaging with this video through views, likes, suggestions and very kind words! I'm really glad to see many of you enjoying it!! Creating these animations alone from start to finish generates an array of challenges like balancing music/voice volumes, depth of details and number of topics covered. I appreciate the suggestions! Stay tuned as another animation is in coming together quiet well! As for the second stage, I believe they are left in their orbit to eventually fall back into the atmosphere where they burn up. Cheers!!

    Animations XplanedAnimations XplanedPrieš 2 mėnesius
    • @Thomas Bussmann thank you for the information

      Eric FerdinandEric FerdinandPrieš 3 dienas
    • Amazing Thanks

      Joseph GlanzerJoseph GlanzerPrieš mėn
    • Why not simplify the challenge of balancing music/voice volumes by leaving out the irritating music altogether?

      FazeriderFazeriderPrieš mėn
    • Cool

      Fun AwesomeFun AwesomePrieš mėn
    • Helloğü

      Фуркан ДинчеровФуркан ДинчеровPrieš mėn
  • Basically reusing the 2nd stage would dramatically decrease the maximum payload weight

    VeeCeeVeeCeePrieš 12 val
  • U are doing great work man continue with more speed

    Karthik PagnisKarthik PagnisPrieš 19 val
  • Hey man u r doing great. The explanation wz so perfect on point. U will soon win many subscribers like one right now

    painting lifepainting lifePrieš dieną
  • That rocket sounds like someone taking a long fart

    mad lizardmad lizardPrieš dieną
  • This is a great video. I love SpaceX and follow their rocket and engine development very closely. The way you explained everything was absolutely perfect and would help people like myself, or people who have never heard of SpaceX, understand these general principles. Well done!

    Jack SeabergJack SeabergPrieš dieną
  • Maybe this is a stupid question. Is it not possible to design a rocket nozzle that can adjust its geometry to compensate for the external pressure? Much like how aeroplane wings have flaps and slats, and how thrust vectoring can adjust direction and diameter, can they not engineer a similar solution?

    OzzahOzzahPrieš 2 dienas
  • With the second stage there is also a problem with the location of CG. Second stages natural tendency will be to return to earth engine side down so you would have to find a way to protect the engine on the way down. This can be done with a ballute that remains inflated all the way to ground to protect the engine and nozzle. Nobody has ever used a ballute in real life that I know of. Sounds like an opportunity to make another first SpaceX!

    jcoghill2jcoghill2Prieš 2 dienas
  • Still seems like a waste of resources. Could SpaceX's future debris starship capture the 2nd stage and deliver it to a space remanufacturing facility kinda like Star Trek?

    John RuckmanJohn RuckmanPrieš 2 dienas
  • Great vid!

    Michael HerderMichael HerderPrieš 3 dienas
  • Because of the tyranny of the rocket equation.

    Consent of the GovernedConsent of the GovernedPrieš 3 dienas
  • Space is hard, m'kay?

    SkulSkulPrieš 3 dienas
  • At 2:21 you mention velocity, but the graphic shows acceleration (in m/s^2 NOT m/s).

    Tournel HenryTournel HenryPrieš 3 dienas
  • This channel should have a million subscribers, not those ones who fake their videos and actually get an insane amount of views

    2xbarret2xbarretPrieš 4 dienas
  • Animation is the only way we see any of this. Its all fake. Space is fake. But hey, let them charge you 10 bucks a gal for gas for climate change and they send more fake rickets into space. You all are being Decieved.

    Ajax AshfordAjax AshfordPrieš 4 dienas
  • Russians had the idea first, see my video 12.

    John CheethamJohn CheethamPrieš 5 dienų
  • Next thing Elon needs to work on is variable shaped rocket nozzle. Why can't the nozzle change in size/shape through the launch profile therefore maintaining efficiency? I picture it like colander, where the layered leaves can move therefore changing the shape of the nozzle.

    TheSpatulaCityTheSpatulaCityPrieš 5 dienų
  • Very good explanation and visuals! Although I previously understood the concepts, it was definitely nice to have a good visual reference.

    TheSpatulaCityTheSpatulaCityPrieš 5 dienų
  • A brillant video ! I loved it from the begining to the end. Thanks for all those clear informations, you did a great job !!

    KenoBeatZKenoBeatZPrieš 5 dienų
  • yep, now universe man, I still use wood to warm my place and now we going to space????? :)

    Paul WinnetouPaul WinnetouPrieš 5 dienų
  • This channel deserves to be so much better

    Alpha PrimeAlpha PrimePrieš 5 dienų
  • Damn this was good

    Alpha PrimeAlpha PrimePrieš 5 dienų
  • music drove me nuts but interesting

    AWitty PIlotAWitty PIlotPrieš 6 dienų
  • Sooo...what exactly happens to the second stage? Burns up over some country?

    Robert ClarkeRobert ClarkePrieš 6 dienų
  • brilliant indeed

    akar abdallatyfakar abdallatyfPrieš 7 dienų
  • Great content. explained a lot.

    ceeUB -ceeUB -Prieš 7 dienų
  • Brilliant work! There's not even one flaw. Perfect script, prefect explanations that anyone can understand. Excellent narration, very good animations. Just perfect. You have a new subscriber here and thank you sir for your excellent work.

    Diablo GamerDiablo GamerPrieš 7 dienų
  • Very enjoyable👍👍👍.... Still I should like to know what the end of the second stage is... Does it remain floating in orbit or burn up completely in the atmosphere?

    Great OkamonuGreat OkamonuPrieš 7 dienų
  • Does anybody told you to switch mudic off? So do it.

    Alex23092709Alex23092709Prieš 8 dienų
  • So where does the 2nd stage go?? Does it float out into deep space never to be seen again or burns up during a reentry. I wouldn't think they just let it float around the Earth like junk. To bad there isn't a Space Garbage truck cruising around collecting this rocket boosters.

    Horton FarmsHorton FarmsPrieš 8 dienų
  • I thought you'll explain simple way how really they fly, dude i quit school due to math and physic ghosts.

    Jesus EscobarJesus EscobarPrieš 8 dienų
  • Short answer : It goes too fast.

    KaynosKaynosPrieš 8 dienų
  • I am sure many have asked, but why not have variable sized rockets, that can change shape?

    C BC BPrieš 9 dienų
  • Kerbal Space engineers basically taught me everything I know about rocket logistics lmao. The orbit lines made me think of it.

    Ocean XavierOcean XavierPrieš 9 dienų
  • I feel more brainy after 10 minutes 🧐

    Mr JonesMr JonesPrieš 10 dienų
  • An aerospike engine is efficient at any altitude. Why don't they use one at least for the second stage?

    hanshansPrieš 11 dienų
  • interesting

    Hoten HitonokoeHoten HitonokoePrieš 11 dienų
  • It's an incredible video and explains a lot of points. However, at the end of it, it begs the question, a rather critical one come a new space age - why won't SpaceX let the second stage fall to the atmosphere and let it burn up instead of it acting as an addition to the continually increasing space debris, causing a threat to the entirety of space exploration ahead of it?

    Mayank GuptaMayank GuptaPrieš 11 dienų
    • Upper stages are routinely deorbited in a controlled manner after they deliver their payload. The few that aren't deorbit on their own within a few months (LEO orbits decay relatively quickly). SpaceX are actually very good about minimizing debris in orbit, using pneumatic pushers for stage separate rather than pyrotechnics.

      John BodeJohn BodePrieš 10 dienų
  • Default blender font exposed :)

    KolupsyKolupsyPrieš 12 dienų
  • Awesome explanation - so clear now! Thanks!

    HeimbadHeimbadPrieš 12 dienų
  • Mr.beast, what bloody legend.

    Logan LagunaLogan LagunaPrieš 12 dienų
  • Mechanically change the size of the nozzles during flight.

    Bryan SpringbornBryan SpringbornPrieš 12 dienų
  • IS the 2nd stage called uncontrolled return to earth?

    William ChaoWilliam ChaoPrieš 12 dienų
  • EVERYONE SHOULD BE POSTING LET MY PEOPLE GO ...................Jan 6 political prisoners

    Slade BlackstoneSlade BlackstonePrieš 12 dienų
  • EVERYONE SHOULD BE POSTING LET MY PEOPLE GO ...................Jan 6 political prisoners

    Slade BlackstoneSlade BlackstonePrieš 12 dienų
  • So the second stage just falls back to earth and burns up in the atmosphere?

    Tony QuintalTony QuintalPrieš 12 dienų
  • Great

    abhijith jjabhijith jjPrieš 12 dienų
  • If I were you, I would explain it in less than 3 minutes. Keep in mind, no one has the time or the ability to be a scientist or a scientist- wannabe like you. Be less narcissistic, please.

    MJ - The GOATMJ - The GOATPrieš 13 dienų
  • After watching this video I would be a "FOOL" Not to Subscribe... I'm a fan of Animations Xplaned !!! Looking forward to your future uploads as well as watching all of your previous uploads..

    Redneck Mfg.Redneck Mfg.Prieš 13 dienų
  • Why not make a variable nozzle. simple

    Ese CallumEse CallumPrieš 13 dienų
  • It's also in orbit and a long way down range, making it more impractical as well.

    Vinny LamoureuxVinny LamoureuxPrieš 14 dienų
  • so the second stage is floating in space somewhere?

    Dragon VDragon VPrieš 14 dienų
    • Nope it deorbits over the ocean a few hours after launch

      Fresh MemesFresh MemesPrieš 14 dienų
  • Why do americans tend to use kg and lbs? there's metric tons as well and tons.....

    Soney ListonSoney ListonPrieš 14 dienų
  • .9

    Lisa JaneLisa JanePrieš 14 dienų
  • Adjustable exhaust cones seem to be the next obvious stage of rocket evolution.

    John ArizonaJohn ArizonaPrieš 14 dienų
  • So what ends up happening to the second stage? it just vaporizes during re-entry? or does it crash in the ocean

    AJ096AJ096Prieš 15 dienų
  • Also, much of the recovered value is in the engine … the second stage has only one vs 9 on the first stage

    Ardy HagenArdy HagenPrieš 15 dienų
  • there are few things you missed i would like to understand.. 1. About MaxQ pressure 2. Why does SpaceX spin the second stage just prior to deploy?

    ArchitektArchitektPrieš 15 dienų
  • Music is too loud! Hard to understand.

    wheelstickerwheelstickerPrieš 15 dienų
  • Your animation of the earth is spinning in the wrong direction.

    Donald DockmanDonald DockmanPrieš 15 dienų
  • The music gets in the way of the speaker. Annoying $

    Barbara LeeBarbara LeePrieš 16 dienų
  • I undrestand whole of it ❤️

    FranciumFranciumPrieš 16 dienų
  • Couldn't be more clear! Excellent!

    Peter AlvinPeter AlvinPrieš 16 dienų
  • The wise fiber periodically itch because downtown preferentially nail apud a dapper print. addicted, anxious romania

    な だいな だいPrieš 16 dienų
  • In reality and in the proposed use of "rockets" there is no need for an instant turn around rocket especially of the man rated versions. Musk is never going to send people to Mars in his Starship.

    David SoomDavid SoomPrieš 17 dienų
  • I hope they launch recovery missions to prevent Kesler syndrome.

    Henrik BobratiHenrik BobratiPrieš 17 dienų

    B GoodB GoodPrieš 18 dienų
    • *You're

      Fresh MemesFresh MemesPrieš 14 dienų

    B GoodB GoodPrieš 18 dienų
  • Newton’s formula is F=MA. Mass times ACCELERATION, not velocity. Minor point as the fuel is essentially not moving relative to the engine, but the correct terms should be used. When you expanded the formula on the right you did correctly express it in terms of acceleration (m/sec² ) and not velocity (which would be simply m/sec)

    Bill PalmerBill PalmerPrieš 19 dienų
  • Needs a good gaming chair

    Ro GamingRo GamingPrieš 19 dienų
  • The answer is at 10 minutes.

    TankNSpankTankNSpankPrieš 19 dienų
  • Hey mister! You make absolutely fantastic videos with clear animations and easy to understand information. However, I do have a suggestion for you: when you narrate, please speak more slowly and try to articulate more. I am Dutch and pretty fluent in English in all different kinds of accents, but I often found myself skipping back 10 seconds to hear you say a few words again because you tend to skip over a syllable or two. Other than that: fantastic job on the videos and please make more! Kind Regards, Your New Subscriber ;-)

    Rogier MaasRogier MaasPrieš 19 dienų
  • Wonderful explanation.

    Graxxor Anandro VidhelssenGraxxor Anandro VidhelssenPrieš 20 dienų
  • What happens to the second stage? Does it remain as space junk or when does it fall and disintegrate? If it disintegrates, where does it fall and does it represent a danger? Edit: he answered it in the follow up video! ltsoft.info/down/vnzVaJrTp5TAktQ/vaizdo-ra-as

    PhilippPhilippPrieš 20 dienų
  • Excellent! 👏

    MuuipMuuipPrieš 20 dienų
  • I’ve watched so many explainers and animations over the years and this one is up there with the best. You have a talent that is world class. Thank you!

    sidkshatriyasidkshatriyaPrieš 20 dienų
  • Shouldn't it be Fuel Mass x Acceleration at 2:34?

    Rodrigo AlisteRodrigo AlistePrieš 20 dienų
  • Finally, I know why. Thanks so much!

    Leo’s LEGOLeo’s LEGOPrieš 20 dienų
  • so does the second stage crash back to earth or stay in orbit

    Sagar VSagar VPrieš 21 dieną
  • so you are saying space x dont know how to return the 2nd stage, and making giant space junk

    Frog guyFrog guyPrieš 21 dieną
    • It deorbits

      Fresh MemesFresh MemesPrieš 14 dienų
  • Q? Why doesn't SpaceX add three 1st stage Merlins to the area between the payload/capsule and 2nd stage booster? Then using a 180° rotation, slow down the second stage using the 2nd stage Merlin, upon decent, rotate 180° again to use the 1st stage Merlins to land the second stage. It would require an additional height equal to the height of the 1st stage Merlins.

    eudaenomiceudaenomicPrieš 21 dieną
  • Okay so what happens to the second stage if it doesn't come back to earth or does it burn up on re-entry

    Truck TaxiTruck TaxiPrieš 21 dieną
  • What if the second stage hit one of his starlink satellite 🛰🤔

    Houston PereiraHouston PereiraPrieš 21 dieną
  • The music is too loud

  • Your music is too loud, man.

    Alex LeoAlex LeoPrieš 21 dieną
    • As many others stated, it does appear it was too loud. I’ve taken that into consideration for all future videos, and I hope you can appreciate the change in my latest video “What happens with the second stage”

      Animations XplanedAnimations XplanedPrieš 21 dieną
  • Thanks for creating a great video, subject was very well explained :-)

    andyguy0610andyguy0610Prieš 21 dieną
  • Thank you that was very information and answered a lot of questions

    Graeme SandstromGraeme SandstromPrieš 21 dieną
  • Great video! But maybe lower the music on the next one...

    Chris LarssonChris LarssonPrieš 22 dienas
  • Money, next question...

    Tyg RahofTyg RahofPrieš 22 dienas
  • I thought they were trying to recover the fairings as well

    Matthew JohnsonMatthew JohnsonPrieš 22 dienas
  • Excellent job on your explanation and graphics. Thanks

    Craig JCraig JPrieš 22 dienas
  • So the second stage is basically fell from the sky uncontrollably. But don't worry, it will not hit anyone.

    IQ BangIQ BangPrieš 22 dienas
  • But what happens to the second stage?

    DadManDudeDadManDudePrieš 23 dienas
  • Great video

    Ashley SearsAshley SearsPrieš 23 dienas
  • Here is a solution: magnetic containment of plasma that varies based on altitude. :)

    Henry PierceHenry PiercePrieš 23 dienas
  • Those aren't 787, the 787 doesn't have winglets

    D. AntD. AntPrieš 23 dienas
  • aaaaaaahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha

    mR mAgOomR mAgOoPrieš 24 dienas
  • This is what LTsoft should be! Beautiful talent, no clickbait, no ads. Bravo!

    Michele TrombettaMichele TrombettaPrieš 24 dienas
  • Would recovery be possible if they used an aerospike nozzle on the 2nd stage? Doesn't this type of nozzle work efficiently regardless of ambient air pressure?

    GalerakGalerakPrieš 24 dienas
  • At 10:7 it isnt friction , it would Hest up due the air molecules not being able to move fast enough from the second stage

    space fanspace fanPrieš 24 dienas